Columns and Editorials

April 5, 2018

Navigation Integrity for Land Users Robust Positioning in Challenging Environments

Integrity for Navigation Land Users (INLU) addresses the difficult task of adapting air-based position integrity solutions to land-based activities such as vehicle and rail travel. An end-to-end simulation is presented using the Positioning and Integrity Performance Evaluator (PIPE). The simulation includes side by side comparison of a vehicle path in the presence of spoofing as evaluated by the authors’ Generalized Pseudo Bayesian 1 (GPB1) algorithm and a snapshot least squares algorithm.

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By Inside GNSS
January 26, 2018

GNSS Hotspots

1. Last Remaining Peatlands
County Kerry, Ireland

√ Ireland is known for its lush green wetlands and raised bogs, also known as peatlands. But most of these areas have been lost due to drainage associated with peat cutting or conversion to agricultural land, according to Wetland Surveys Ireland (WSI). There’s a big push from Europe to conserve the remaining peatlands

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By Inside GNSS
January 1, 2018

RNSS and the ITU Radio Regulations

All applications of satellite navigation show a strong growth. They can now rely on four global systems (GPS, GLONASS, Galileo and BeiDou) and additional regional systems, sometimes aiming for future global extension (QZSS, NavIC). All these systems and their applications rely on very limited satellite orbit spectrum. This article is

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By Ingo Baumann

The Persistence of Quality

After spending a career as a GNSS advocate and critic, technical interpreter and PNT raconteur, our colleague, Glen Gibbons, begins his transition to Editor Emeritus status this month. And while his daily GNSS activities cease, his contribution for thoughtful analysis, cogency and a reasoned perspective are retained—his imprimatur, gratefully accepted.

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By Inside GNSS

What is navigation message authentication?

Q: What is navigation message authentication?  

A: As of today, all open civil GNSS signals are transmitted in the clear, conforming to interface specifications that are fully available in the public domain. Receivers will accept any input that conforms to the specifications and treat it as if it came from a GNSS satellite. Combined with the extremely low power levels of GNSS signals this makes it almost trivially simple to spoof a GNSS receiver.

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By Inside GNSS
November 27, 2017

Unfinished Business

All good things must come to an end. At which point, if Fortune smiles on us, other good things begin or continue.

Case in point: as of year-end 2017 I am promoting myself to Editor Emeritus of Inside GNSS and turning to some unfinished business that I have with life. Of course, after 28 years I still have some unfinished business with GNSS, this amazing technology and industry that has more growth ahead of than behind it, more prospects for innovation, more unfinished business than ever.

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By Inside GNSS

GNSS Hotspots

One of 12 magnetograms recorded at Greenwich Observatory during the Great Geomagnetic Storm of 1859
1996 soccer game in the Midwest, (Rick Dikeman image)
Nouméa ground station after the flood
A pencil and a coffee cup show the size of NASA’s teeny tiny PhoneSat
Bonus Hotspot: Naro Tartaruga AUV
Pacific lamprey spawning (photo by Jeremy Monroe, Fresh Waters Illustrated)
“Return of the Bucentaurn to the Molo on Ascension Day”, by (Giovanni Antonio Canal) Canaletto
The U.S. Naval Observatory Alternate Master Clock at 2nd Space Operations Squadron, Schriever AFB in Colorado. This photo was taken in January, 2006 during the addition of a leap second. The USNO master clocks control GPS timing. They are accurate to within one second every 20 million years (Satellites are so picky! Humans, on the other hand, just want to know if we’re too late for lunch) USAF photo by A1C Jason Ridder.
Detail of Compass/ BeiDou2 system diagram
Hotspot 6: Beluga A300 600ST

1. Mapping Air Traffic, Rainy Seasons, and More
Sahel, Africa

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By Inside GNSS
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